Fasting in Ramadan is part of the five pillars of Islam.
The month opens with sighting of the moon and ends with it, its from 29, 30 days.
At the end of this period a festival is declared and this is called Eid.
We have a pre-dawn meal and then fast from food and water until sunset, later on in that same day.
The month has many benefits people are freed from hell and religious action is rewarded in multitude in this month. Its a celebration for the universe.
Its also a mercy becuase people who are unrightous all year start to pray. It has many benefits in terms of health its like a natural detoxt. Infact there are too many benefits like on the day of judgement the bad smell that comes out of the mouth will smell like musk. There is a lot of reward in this month.
This is also the month that the holy books were sent especially on the 27th - called the night of power.
In fact there is so much that I might have missed something.
Heres some quranic verses please contact me if you need more advice.
" The month of ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful."
( سورة البقرة , Al-Baqara, Chapter #2, Verse #185)