There are only two scholars who held that there could be female Prophets Tabari and Ibn Hazm not sure about the last name. The majority of other scholars agree that of the Prophets that we have evidence for all were men.
With the 25 mentioned in the Quran;
Adam Idris (Enoch) Nuh (Noah) Hud Saleh Ibrahim (Abraham) Isma'il (Ishmael) Ishaq (Isaac) Lut (Lot) Ya'qub (Jacob) Yousef (Joseph) Shu'aib Ayyub (Job) Musa (Moses) Harun (Aaron) Dhu'l-kifl (Ezekiel) Dawud (David) Sulaiman (Solomon) Ilias (Elias) Al-Yasa (Elisha) Yunus (Jonah) Zakariyya (Zechariah) Yahya (John) 'Isa (Jesus) Muhammad the final messengerMay Gods peace and blessings be upon them all.
All the evidence suggests that men were the prophets and not women. This is noted by scholars of theology who because of this evidence state that a prophet had to be a male.
You see many Prophets were killed and tortured because they called to God/Allah. So what do you think would happen to the women then? And if you read in history that men have had a far greater effect of history than women. Thats not to say that there haven't been great women there have been many; although we may not know their names.
Other prophets mentioned in Hadith are Yusha ibn Noun, Seth ibn Adam and unconfirmed king of Yeman called Tuba.
There are also different opinions about Dhul Qurnain, Luqman the wise etc.